The West Terms and Definitions

Term Definition
Sand Creek Massacre U.S. Army's killing of about 150 Cheyenne elderly, women, and children at Sand Creek Reservation in Colorado Territory
Battle of the Little Bighorn battle between the U.S. Army led by Lieutenant Colonel George Armstrong Custer and Sioux forces lead by Chief Sitting Bull; the Sioux won the battle
Sitting Bull Chief of the Sioux
George Armstrong Custer American army officer in the Civil War; he became a fighter of Native Americans in the West and was killed with his troops in the Battle of the Little Bighorn
Wounded Knee Massacre the U.S. Army's killing of approximately 150 Sioux at Wounded Knee Creek in South Dakota; ended U.S.-Indian wars on the Plains
Chief Joseph Chief of the Nez Perce tribe; he led resistance against white settlement in the Northwest. He eventually surrendered, but his eloquent surrender speech earned him a place in American history
Geronimo Chiricahua Apache leader; he evaded capture for years and led an oppisition struggle against white settlements in the American Southwest until his eventual surrender
Dawes Act legislation passed by Congress that split up Indian reservation lands among individual Indians and promised them citizenship
Chisholm Trail a trail that ran from San Antonio, Texas, to Abilene, Kansas, established by Jesse Chisholm in the late 1860's for the cattle drives
Homestead Act a law passed by Congress to encourage settlement in the West by giving government-owned land to small farmer
Pacific Railway Act Provided Federal government support to build a transcontinental highway
Time Zones a range of longitudes where a common standard time is used.
Exodusters was a name given to African Americans who migrated from states along the Mississippi River to Kansas in the late nineteenth century
American Indian boarding schools were established in the United States during the late 19th and early 20th centuries to educate and assimilate Native American children and youths according to Euro-American standards
Reservation the action of reserving something

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