Giver chapters 1-3

Term Definition
Rasping (verb): scrape or grate with a rough tool
Distraught ( adjective): mentally confused, bewildered
Distracted (adjective): turned away the mind or attention of
Wheedle (verb): to persuade with flattery
Nurturer (noun): one who takes cares of, feeds
Disposition (noun): a person's general way of acting
Transgreesion (noun): act or instance of breaking the law
Apprehensive (adjective): fearful about what may happen
Aptitude (noun): natural ability; tallent
Chastise (verb): to punish; reprimand severely
Rarity (noun) person or thing that is uncommon
Palpable (adjective): able to be touched or felt
Petulantly (adjective): ill-humored; peevish
Bewilderment (noun): confusion or complete puzzlement
Nondescript (adjective): without interesting or striking characteristics

Stack #2608438

Question Answer
cater v. to satisfy the needs of, try to make things easy and pleasant; to supply food and service
entrepreneur n. a person who starts up and takes on the risk of a business
hazard n. risk, peril;
Hazard v. to expose to danger or harm; to gamble
homicide n. the killing of one person by another
lubricate v. to apply oil or grease; to make smooth, slippery, or easier to use
indignant adj. filled with resentment or anger over something unjust, unworthy, or mean
mutual adj. shared, felt, or shown equally by two or more
plague n. an easily spread disease causing a large number of deaths; a widespread evil
plague v. to annoy or bother
transparent adj. allowing light to pass through; easily recognized or understood; easily seen through or detected
unscathed adj. wholly unharmed, not injured
available adj. ready for use, at hand
customary adj. usual, expected, routine
dissuade v. to persuade not to do something
firebrand n. a piece of burning wood; a troublemaker; an extremely energetic or emotional person
hinder v. to delay; to stop or prevent from happening
indifference n. a lack of interest or concern
indispensable adj. absolutely necessary, not to be neglected
pelt v. to throw a stream of things; to strike successively; to hurry
poised adj. balanced, suspended; calm, controlled; ready for action
regime n. a government in power; a form or system of rule or management; a period of rule

Hope/Kidd W14 G8 Tier 2 words for week 14, 8th grade

Term Definition
coordinate equal in rank; or to arrange
framework outline; blueprint; plan
adequate sufficient; enough
minor someone under age; or not that important
correspond keep in touch; or match up
interact act on each other or act together
proportion relationship between two quantities
imply to indicate or suggest without being specific
link connect
document write (v); something written (n)

Hope/Kidd W14 G9 Tier 2 words for week 14, 9th grade

Term Definition
analogy drawing a comparison in order to show a similarity
anarchy a state of lawlessness and disorder
elusive skillful at evading capture
free verse poetry that does not rhyme or have a regular meter
regulate bring into conformity with rules or principles or usage
current occurring in or belonging to the present time
sense the faculty through which the external world is apprehended
stolid having or revealing little emotion or sensibility
fortitude strength of mind that enables one to endure adversity
pliable capable of being shaped or bent or drawn out

Stack #2614915

Question Answer
coordinating conjunctions join words, phrases, and clauses together,
Subordinating Conjunction linking two clauses together.
Correlative Conjunction join equal sentence elements together.
Nouns identify any of a class of people, places, or things
Pronouns refers either to the participants in the discourse (e.g., I, you )
Antecedent a thing or event that existed before or logically precedes another.
Dangling modifier a word or phrase that modifies a word not clearly stated in the sentence
Misplaced modifier a phrase or clause placed awkwardly in a sentence
Colons connect two sentences when the second sentence summarizes, sharpens, or explains the first.
Semicolons can be used between two closely related independent clauses
Active voice action then subject
Passive voice subject then action
Adverbs that modifies or qualifies an adjective, verb, or other adverb
Adjectives a word or phrase naming an attribute, added to or grammatically related to a noun to modify or describe it.

Chapter 6- Muscles

Question Answer
The ability of skeletal muscle to shorten with force Contractility
The capacity of skeletal muscle to respond to a stimulus Excitability
The ability to be stretched Extensibility
Ability to recoil to their original resting length after they have been stretched Elasticity
What surrounds each skeletal muscle? Epimysium
Tissue layer located outside the epimysium Fascia
Tissue that surrounds the muscle fasciculi Perimysium
Muscle cells Muscle fibers
Tissue that surrounds each fiber Endomysium
Threadlike structure that extends from one end of the fiber to the other Myofibrils
Thin myofilament Actin
Thick myofilament Myosin
Basic structural and functional unity of the muscle Sarcomere
Each sarcomere extends from one ____ to another Z line
Surrounds each Z line I band
The I band consists of Actin
Darker central region of the sarcomere A band
A band is made of Myosin
At the center of each sarcomere H zone
In the middle of the H zone M line
The charge difference across the membrane Resting membrane potential
The brief reversal back of the charge when a muscle is stimulated Action potential
Nerve cells that carry action potentials to skeletal muscle fibers Motor neurons
Another name for a synapse Neuromuscular junction
Another name for a neuromuscular junction Synapse
A single motor neuron and all the skeletal muscle fibers it innervates are called what? Motor unit
Enlarged nerve terminal Presynaptic terminal
Each muscle fiber is the ______ _________ Postsynaptic terminal
Space between pre and post synaptic terminals Synaptic cleft
Each presynaptic terminal contains ____ ____ that secrete neurotransmitters Synaptic vesicles
The neurotransmitter that is responsible for contraction Acetylcholine
The neurotransmitter that is responsible for relaxation Acetocholinesterase
What occurs when muscles contract and the myofiliments slide past each other? Sliding filament mechanism
T/F: When muscles contract, the H and I bands shorten, and the A band doesn't move True
T/F: When muscles contract, the A bands shorten, and the H and I bands don't movie False
T/F: When muscles contract, The H and A bands shorten, and the I bands don't move False
T/F: When muscles contract, the I and A bands shorten, and the H bands don't move False
A contraction of an entire muscle in response to a stimulus that causes the action potential in one or more muscle fibers Muscle twitch
Where a muscle fiber will not respond to stimulus until that stimulus reaches a level called threshold, at which point the muscle fiber will contract maximally All-or-none response
The time between application of a stimulus to a motor neuron and the beginning of a contraction Lag phase
The time of contraction Contraction phase
The time during which the muscle relaxes Relaxation phase
Where the muscle remains contracted without relaxing Tetany
The increase in number of motor units being activated Recruitment
Chemical needed for energy for muscle contraction ATP
What does ATP stand for? Adenosine triphosphate
Where is ATP produced? Mitochondria
T/F: ATP is unstable and ADP is stable True
T/F: ADP is unstable and ATP is stable False
What does ADP stand for? Adenosine diphosphate
What is produced by ATP? Creatine phosphate
Constant tension produced by muscles for long periods of time Muscle tone
What contracts quickly and fatigues quickly? Fast-twitch fibers
What contracts more slowly and are more resistant to fatigue? Slow-twitch fibers
The most stationary end of a muscle Origin
The end of the muscle that undergoes the most movement Insertion
The portion of the muscle between the origin and the insertion Belly
T/F: Some muscles have multiple origins or heads True
T/F: All muscles only have a singular head and a singular origin False
Muscles that work together to accomplish specific movement Synergists
Muscles that work in opposition to one another Antagonists
The muscle that plays the major role in movement of a group of synergists Prime mover
How are muscles named? Location, size, orientation of fibers, shape origin, insertion, and function
Raises the eyebrows Occipitofrontalis
Closes the eyelids Orbicularis oculi
Puckers the lips Orbicularis oris
Buccinator Flattens the cheeks
Smiling muscle Zygomaticus
Sneering muscle Levator labii superioris
Frowning muscle Depressor anguli oris
What is mastication? Chewing
How many pairs of mastication muscles are there? 4 pairs
How many pairs of pterygoids are there? 2 pairs
What are the two types of tongue muscles? Intrinsic and extrinsic
What do the intrinsic muscles do? Change the shape of the tongue
What do the extrinsic muscles do? Move the tongue
What is the prime mover of the neck? Sternocleidomastoid
A sheetlike muscle that covers the anterolateral neck Platysma

10/2/17 Spelling

Question Answer
Block Block
Shown Shown
Oatmeal Oatmeal
Wrote Wrote
Fellow Fellow
Scold Scold
Coast Coast
Odd Odd
Locate Locate
Slope Slope
Throat Throat
Host Host
Enclose Enclose
Shock Shock
Solve Solve
Known Known
Remote Remote
Stock Stock
Boast Boast
Globe Globe

Civis Final

Term Definition
13th Amendment Prohibit slavery
14th Amendment grants citizenship to "all persons born in the united states."
15th Amendment Your voting shall not be denied
19th Amendment Right to vote
22ed Amendment No president shall be elected more than twice
25th Amendment Removal of the president
Bill of Rights First then amendments of the us constitution
Caucuses Meeting which local members register candidates running
Check and Balances Counterbalancing influences by an organization is regulated
Chief Dipolmate President receives foreign dipolmateshe endoresthem in publics eyes
Chief Executive Who goes and takes care of the all the messes in the organisation
Chief Legislator Reviews each bill to decide to veto or sign into a law
Chief of State Head of the nation as district from head goverment
City Declaration was written Philadelphia
Closed Primary Can only vote for their party
Commander in Chief Commands a country's armed force
Date of Declaration 1819
Democracy Elected representatives
Disqualification to vote felony convictions such as murder, sexual assault, etc.
Elastic Clause Granting congress to pass all the laws necessary
Electoral College Determines the winner of elections or president
Executive Branch Powers Being able to vote or reject, propose a law, appoint, treaties
Federal Supreme court Final judge in all cases involving laws of congress
Federalism Federal principle or system of government
General Assembly One of the six principals organs of united states
Governor role/powers Interpret the constitution and limit powers
How bill becomes a law Bill must pass both senate of HOR
Impeachment Charge of misconduct
Interest Group Advocacy in order to influence public opinion or policy
Judicial Review Executive and legislative actions are subject
Laws of voting must be 18
Legislative branch powers Impeaching, spending bills, passing laws, approving treaties
Limited Government Restricted by law
Line of succession Established the president pro tempore, vice president, speaker of house
Magistrate Civilian officer who administers the law
Naturalization Admittance of foreigner to the citizen of a country
New jersey plan Proposal for structure of the united states
Original Jurisdiction Power to hear a case for the first time
Pa supreme court Highest court in commonwealth
Party Symbols Donkey and elephant
Political Spectrum Classifying different political positions upon one or more
Polling place voters cast their votes
Population's role in congress Districts are apportioned to states by population
powers of congress collect taxes, duties, imposts, pay debts
power of local government all powers not granted
president of the senate mike stack
President qualifications Natural born citizen
presidential powers sign or veto a law
primaries narrows a field of candidates before general election
Purpose of the article of confederation establish the function of a national government
Purpose of the constitution creating legislative, judicial, and executive branch
Purpose of the declaration Explain to foreign nations why colonies went their ways
Purpose of legislative branch can make new laws or change existing laws
Ratification of the constitution when a bill of rights was proposed in congress
Representative of accused 6th amendment
Rights of legal immigrant human rights apply to everyone even people without proper documentation
separation power give certain powers so as check and balances the other branches
speaker of house paul ryan
state of union speech presented by the president
supremacy clause federal laws made pursuant to it treaties made under authority
voter motor act certain voter registration
voting regulations discriminate based on race, color, or membership
way to lose citiizenship make otah to a foreign country
weakness of the article of confederation federal government was to weak
what the article of confederation did establish the functions of a national government
writer of the declaration of independent roger sherman
mayors and councils relating to, method of municipal govern

Science test 3- chem Science test 3- chemistry

Question Answer
What are electrons and where are they located? have a negative charge and are on electron shells
What are protons and where are they located? have a positive charge and are in the nucleus
What are neutrons and where are they located? have a neutral charge and are in nucleus
All elements in the same group have what in common? valence electrons and chemical properties
All elements in the same period have what in common? electron shells
On which side of the periodic table would metals be found? left
On which side of the periodic table would non-metals be found? right
What is a chemical equation? a way of describing a chemical reaction, and has reactants and products
What are reactants and what side are they on? substances that go through a chemical reaction and are on left side of equation
What are products and what side are they on? substances that result from a chemical change and are on right side of equation
What are elements? simplest form of matter and cant be broken down
What are molecules? when 2 or more atoms chemically combine
What are formulas? a faster way of writing atoms, molecules, and equations (H2O2)
What are element molecules? when there is only one atom in a formula (Ba3)
What are compound molecules? when there are 2 or more atoms in formula (CaCO3)
What are coefficients? tells you how many molecules are in an equation or formula
What are subscripts? tells the number of a certain type of atom in one molecule
In order for atoms to get their 8 valence electrons, there must be a …. chemical change
What is the Law of Conservation of Mass? equations must be balanced, and have the same number of atoms on both sides (reactants/ products)/ matter can't be broken down or created
What is a physical change? when the appearance of a substance changes, but chemically, the substance is the same
What are examples of a physical change? evaporation, melting, freezing, dissolving, tearing, boiling
How are chemical reactions represented? chemical equations
What is a chemical change? when an object become a whole new substance with new and different properties
What are examples of chemical changes? rusting, burning, cooking, solid precipitate, temperature, light, gas , color, and odor