DW-List#21

Question Answer
redeem to set free; to deliver from sin
chasten to punish in order to correct or make better
epistle a long letter of instruction
parable an earthly story with a heavenly meaning
covenant a binding and solemn agreement; a compact
Nativity the birth of Christ
exalt to praise; honor; glorify
assurance certainty; confidence
prodigal spending too much; lavish
wasteful using or spending too much

Soil formation

Term Definition
Soil
A loose mixture of weathered rock fragments, organic material,water, and air that can support the growth of vegetation.
Soil Composition What it is made of. A mixture of rock particles, minerals, decayed orn
Transported Soil Soil that is blown, washed away, or moved by glaciers.
Residual Soil The soil remains above ita??s parent rock
Bedrock The layer of rock beneath the soil
Humus A dark-colored substance that forms as plant and animal remains decay.
Fertile Soil Rich in the nutrients
Soil texture The soil quality that is based on the proportions of soil particles
Soil horizon Layers of soil
Horizon A Top soil with humus.
Horizon B Subsoil, consists of clay and other particles washed down from horizon A, but little humus
Horizon C Weathered rock
Horizon R Bedrock-solid rock at the bottom
Loam Soil that is made up of about equal parts of clay, sand, and silt.
Decomposition Rotting, decaying
Leaching The removal of substance that can be dissolved from rock or layers of soil.
Parent rock

PHLEBOTOMY CH3B ETHICS, LEGAL AND REGULATORY ISSUES PART B

Term Definition
INVASION OF PRIVACY UNAUTHORIZED RELEASE OF INFORMATION ABOUT A PATIENT.
LIABLE UNDER LEGAL OBLIGATION, AS FAR AS DAMAGES ARE CONCERNED.
LITIGATION PROCESS LEGAL ACTION TO DETERMINE A DECISION IN COURT.
MALICE KNOWING THAT THE STATEMENT IS FALSE OR MAKING A STATEMENT WITH RECKLESS DISREGARD OF THE TRUTH.
MALPRACTICE PROFESSIONAL NEGLIGENCE. IMPROPER OR UNSKILLED CARE OF A PATIENT BY A MEMBER OF THE HEALTH CARE TEAM.
MEDICAL RECORDS RECORD OF ALL CARE GIVEN TO THE PATIENT.
MISDEMEANOR THE GENERAL TERM FOR ALL SORTS OF CRIMINAL OFFENSES NOT SERIOUS ENOUGH TO BE CLASSIFIED AS FELONIES ; USUALLY PUNISHABLE BY FINES, PROSON, PENALTIES, OR FORFEITURE.
MISREPRESENTATION USE OF MISLEADING INFORMATION OR OMISSION OF IMPORTANT FACTS.
NEGLIGENCE FAILURE TO ACT OR TO PERFORM DUTIES ACCORDING TO THE STANDARDS OF THE PROFESSION.
PATIENT CARE PARTNERSHIP REVISED PATIENT BILL OF RIGHTS IN 2003.
PATIENT CONFIDENTIALITY ALL INFORMATION OF THE PATIENT IS TO REMAIN CONFIDENTIAL AND NOT RELEASES UNLESS PERMISSION IS GIVEN.
PATIENT BILL OF RIGHTS LIST OF THE PATIENT'S RIGHTS ADOPTED BY THE AMERICAN HOSPITAL ASSOCIATION IN 1973.
PHYSICIAN'S OFFICE LABORATORIES (POLs) LABORATORIES LOCATED IN DOCTOR'S OFFICES.
PLAINTIFF THE CLAIMANT WHO BRINGS A LAWSUIT OR AN ACTION
PROTECTED HEALTH INFORMATION (PHI) ALL INFORMATION ABOUT A PATIENT IS PROTECTED AND NOT SHARED UNLESS PERMISSION IS GIVEN.
RES IPSA LOQUITUR DOCTRINE OR PRINCIPLE THAT "THE THING SPEAKS FOR ITSELF." IT IS A RULE OF EVIDENCE THAT OCCURS WHEN THE PLAINTIFF IS INJURED IN SUCH A WAY THAT THEY CANNOT PROVE HOW THE INJURY OCCURRED OR WHO WAS RESPONSIBLE FOR ITS OCCURRANCE.
RESPONDEAT SUPERIOR UNDER THIS CONCEPT, SUPERVISORS AND DIRECTORS MAY BE HELD LIABLE FOR THE NEGLIGENT ACTIONS OF THEIR EMPLOYEES.
STANDARD OF CARE ALL HEALTH CARE WORKERS MUST CONFORM TO A SPECIFIC STANDARD OF CARE TO PROTECT THE PATIENTS.
STATUTE OF LIMITATIONS LAW THAT DEFINES HOW SOON AFTER AN INJURY THE PLAINTIFF MUST FILE A LAW SUIT OR FOREVER BARRED FROM DOING SO.
TESTS OF HIGH COMPLEXITY TESTS THAT ARE COMPLEX TO PERFORM BUT MAY INVOLVE MORE RISK TO THE PATIENT IF RESULTS ARE INACCURATE.
TESTS OF MODERATE COMPLEXITY TESTS THAT ARE SIMPLE TO PERFORM BUT MAY INVOLVE MORE RISK TO THE PATIENT IF RESULTS ARE INACCURATE.
TORT CIVIL WRONG COMMITTED AGAINST A PERSON OR A PERSON'S PROPERTY.
WAIVED TESTS TESTS THAT ARE EASIEST TO PERFORM, LEAST SUSCEPTIBLE TO ERROR, AND THE LEAST RISK TO THE PATIENT.

Giver Vocab CH 1-3

Term Definition
Rasping (verb): scrap or grate with a rough tool
Distraught (adjective):Mentally confused, bewildered
Distracted (adjective): turned away the mind or attention of
Wheedle (Verb): to persuade with flattery
Nurturer (noun): one who takes care of, feeds
Disposition (noun): a person's general way of acting
Transgression (noun): act or instance of breaking the law
Apprehensive (adjective): fearful about what may happen
Aptitude (noun): natural ability; talent
Chastise (verb): to punish; reprimand severely
Rarity (noun); person or thing that is uncommon
Palpable (adjective); able to be touched or felt (inside)
Petulantly (adjective); ill-humored; peevish
Bewilderment (noun): confusion or complete puzzlement
Nondescript (adjective): without interesting or striking characteristics

test categories

Term Definition
Coagulation studies Clotting related Tests Light blue tube must be filled completely 9:1 ratio part of Hematology dep.
Microbiology IDs microorganisms Blood cultures, stool blood test, Rapid strep tests
Immunology tests Immune system tests HIV, Syphilis RpR SST tube
ANA Anti- Nuclear Antibody Checks system tests like Lupus/ pregnancy
blood bank tests screening prior to blood transfusions & donations blood type, anemia, diseases
SST serum separator tube gold, tiger top chemistry dep.
Red top lacks gel barrier chemistry dep.
Chemistry majority tested on serum tubes Regarding blood chem. Red, Gold, tiger top
Hematology blood formation and blood disorders Lavender top CBC, DIFF, Urinalysis, Sickledex,ESR, RETIC

Giver Vocab Ch 1-3

Term Definition
Rasping (verb):scrape or grate with a rough tool
Distraught (adjective): mentally confused, bewildered
Distracted (adjective): turned away the mind or attention of
Wheedle (verb): to persuade with flattery
Nurturer (noun): one who takes care of, feeds
Disposition (noun): a person's general way of acting
Transgression (noun): act or instance of breaking the law
Apprehensive (adjective): fearful about what may happen
Aptitude (noun): natural ability; talent
Chastise (verb):to punish;reprimand severly
Rarity (noun): person or thing that is uncommon
Palpable (adjective): able to be touched or felt
Petulantly (adjective): ill-humored;peevish
Bewilderness (noun): confusion or complete puzzleness
Nondescript (adjective): without interesting or striking characteristics

2.5 and 3.5Organics 2.5 & 3.5 Organics

Question Answer
Alkene to Alcohol (hydration) Addition, requires H2O/H+
Alkene to Alkane Addition, requires H2/Pt
Alkene to Haloalkane (halogenation) Addition, requires Br2, Cl2, HBr or HCl Markovnikov's rule
Polymerisation Has prefix : POLY(monomer)eg. POLYethanewhen single molecules (momomers) join together to form a longer chain (polymer)
Primary Alcohol Aldehyde, then carboxylic acid + Lucas reagent DNR
Secondary Alcohol Ketone+ Lucas reagent turns cloudy in 10 mins
Tertiary Alcohol Does not oxidise+ Lucas reagent turns cloudy fast/immediately
Oxidants Cr2O7 2- and MnO4 – Must be acidified and heat
Alkane to Alcohol Oxidation
Alkene to Diol Oxidation, DOES NOT REQUIRE HEAT, only MnO4-
Alcohol to Alkene Elimination, requires H2SO4 Saytzeff's rule
Haloalkane to Alkene Elimination reaction, NaOH (alc) or KOH (alc) Has to be dissolved in alcohol otherwise substitution reaction will occurSaytzeff's rule
Alkane to Haloalkane Substitution reactionRequires presence of UV and heat Requires Br2, Cl2
Alcohol to Haloalkane Substitution, requires either PCl3, PCl5 or SOCl2
Haloalkane to amine Substitution, requires conc. NH3
Haloalkane to alcohol Substitution, requires KOH (aqueous)
Carboxylic acid to salt Requires NaHCO2, is an acid base reaction
Requirements for cis-trans isomers -Carbon to carbon double bond, which prevents rotation so atoms/groups are fixed in place-does not have one carbon in double bond with two of same atom/group attached to it
Addition reaction -Double bond breaks open-Atoms added to each of the carbons that were in the double bond
Elimination reaction -Two atoms/groups being removed from molecule-Double bond formed between the carbon atoms from which the atoms were removed
Substitution reaction -Atom/group replaced with another
Oxidation reaction -X is oxidised to Y, eg. the alcohol is oxidised to a carboxylic acid
Structural/constitutional isomer -Same molecular formula (same number and type of atoms)-Arranged differently
Acyl Chloride to Carboxylic Acid (and HCl) -Substitution-Water -Fumes in damp air-Turns blue litmus paper and UI red -Condensation
Acyl Chloride to Ester (and HCl) -Substitution- Alcohol-Condensation
Acyl Chloride to Primary Amide (AND NH4CL ammonium salt) -Substitution-NH3 (alc) -Must be alcoholic as if aqueous will form COOH
Acyl Chloride to secondary amide (and R-NH3+Cl- ammonium chloride salt) -Substitution-Primary Amide (R-C-NH2)
Ester to Amide (and Alcohol) -Substitution-NH3
Ester to Carboxylic Acid (and Alcohol) -Water (and heat) -Acid Hydrolysis
Ester to Carboxylic Acid Salt -NaOH (and heat) -Base hydrolysis/saponification
Amide to Carboxylic Acid (and Ammonium) -H30+ and heat (acidic conditions)- Acid Hydrolysis
Amide to Carboxylic Acid Salt (and ammonia) – NaOH and heat (basic conditions) – Base hydrolysis
Amide to carboxylic acid (and ammonium salt) -HCl and heat (acid conditions) – Acid hydrolysis
Carboxylic Acid to ester (and H20) – Alcohol and H2SO4 CATALYST – Esterification
Carboxylic Acid to Acyl Chloride (and HCL) – BEST OPTION – SOCl2 as produces visible SO2 gas – Can use PCl3 and PCl5- Nucleophilic Substitution
Condensation Polymerisation – Two monomers are joined together and a small molecule is released
Aldehyde to primary alcohol Reduction, requires NaBH4 Colour change+ Fehlings (Cu2+) produces red brown CuO ppt. + Tollens (Ag+/NH3) produces silver mirror
Ketone to secondary alcohol Reduction, requires NaBH4 No colour change, DNR with Fehlings or Tollens
What is reflux used for? speed up reactions without losing volatile compounds to the environment by evaporation
Na2CO3 and NaHCO3 Remove/neutralise acid
CaCl2 and Na2SO4 Remove H2O
Enantiomers -chiral carbon (C attached to 4 different atoms/groups) – Forms NON-SUPERIMPOSABLE MIRROR IMAGE molecules-Same chemical and physical properties- ROTATE A PLANE OF POLARISED LIGHT IN OPPOSITE DIRECTIONS
Naming Esters (secondary chain)yl (primary chain)anoate
NH3 + COOH Acid Base reactionForms COO-NH4+ salt
Why can amino acids form polymers? Amino acids can form polymers because at each end of the molecule there is a functional group that can react with a functional group of a neighboring molecule
*What equipment is required for an oxidation reaction from primary alcohol to COOH and why? – Reflux – inceases ROR while preventing loss of volatile compounds to environment via evap. when heating- OH to COOH reaction is slower than OH to COH- Returns any evaporated unreacted alcohol back to the reaction mixture- Ensures conversion of ALL
What is the monomer formed when acid hydrolysis takes place in a polymer with ester linkages? Dicarboxylic acid
WHat happens when base hydrolysis takes place in a polymer with ester linkages Functional group ionised to form COO-Na+ salt
Properties of Acyl Chlorides -Volatile … no need for catalysts, low energy requirement, faster reactions – Hazardous- React with moisture (H2O) in air to form hazardous HCL
Oxidants Ammonia Silver Chloride (tollens) Fehlings (Rochelle salt) / Benedicts (both form CuO)MnO4 – and Cr2O7 2-
Triol + 3 Ester links Triglyceride – if hydrolysis occurs, bond is broken between O (only one bond) and the C of the secondary chain
Fractional Distillation Purpose: separate products/purify chemical – heat to boiling point – boiled then condensed (kept)- Remainder discarded
What is the charge on the NH group when an amino acid undergoes acid hydrolysis? NH3+

Chapter 8 Vocabulary

Question Answer
Hypothesis A supposition or proposed explanation made on the basis of limited evidence as a starting point for further investigation.
Aspire Direct one's hopes or ambitions toward achieving something.
Conceal Keep from sight; hide.
Pathological liar Individuals may be aware they are lying, or may believe they are telling the truth.
Plausible (of an argument or statement) Seeming reasonable or probable.
Phenomena A fact or situation that is observed to exist or happen, especially one whose cause or explanation is in question.
Traumatic Emotionally disturbing or distressing.
Therapeutic Relating to the healing of disease.
Self-analysis The analysis of oneself, in particular one's motives and character.
Colleagues A person with whom one works, especially in a profession or business.
Data Facts and statistics collected together for reference or analysis.
Monitor An instrument or device used for observing, checking, or keeping a continuous record of a process or quantity.
Impulsivity Behavior without adequate thought, the tendency to act with less forethought than do most individuals.
Aggressive Ready or likely to attack or confront; characterized by or resulting from aggression.
Absorbent Able to soak up liquid easily.
Inundated Overwhelm (someone) with things or people to be dealt with.
Neurons A specialized cell transmitting nerve impulses; a nerve cell.
Transmitting Cause (something) to pass on from one place or person to another.
Glitches A sudden, usually temporary malfunction or irregularity of equipment.
Stigma A mark of disgrace associated with a particular circumstance, quality, or person.

Giver Vocab Ch 1-3

Term Definition
Rasping (verb): scrape or grate with a rough tool
Distraught (adjective):mentally confused,bewildered
Distracted (adjective): turned away the mind or attention of
Wheedle (verb):to persuade with flattery
Nurturer (noun):one who takes care of, feeds*motherly*
Disposition (noun): a persons general way of acting
Transgression (noun):act or instance of breaking the law
Apprehensive (adjective):fearful about what may happen
Aptitude (noun):natural ability/talent
Chastise (verb):to punish;reprimand severely
Rarity (noun):person or thing that is uncommon
Palpable (adjective): able to be touched or felt
Petulantly (adjective):ill-humored;peevish
Bewilderment (noun):confusion or complete puzzlement
Nondescript (adjective):without interesting or striking characteristics

Humanities revision

Term Definition
Aquifer A body of permeable rock below the Earths surface, known as groundwater
Condensation Where water changes from a water vapour to liquid
Dreamtime When Aboriginal people lived in Australia, they told stories f the Earth's present from cycles of life and nature. This is known as the dreamtime
Evaporation Where water changes from liquid to water vapour
Fresh Water water that is not found in seas
Glacier A slow moving mass of river or ice formed by the compaction of snow on mountains near the poles
Great Artesian Basin The Great Artesian Basin is the largest underwater fresh water reservoirs in the world.
Ground water Water that is held underground in the soil or crevices in rock
Infiltration permeation of a liquid into something by filtration
Natural resource Raw materials that occur in the environment and are also useful towards people
Non-renewable resource Those that cannot be replaced in a short time. They are replaced over thousands of years
Precipitation rain, snow, sleet, or hail that falls to or condenses on the ground
Renewable resource Those that can be replaced in a short time
Run off the draining away of water (or substances carried in it) from the surface of an area of land, a building or structure
Salt water The water found in the ocean
Surface water Water that collects on the surfaces of the ground
transpiration Transpiration is the process by which moisture is carried through plants from roots to small pores on the underside of leaves, where it changes to vapour and is released to the atmosphere
Virtual water Virtual water is also known as embedded water, embodied water, or hidden water. It includes all the water used to produce goods and services. Food production uses more water than any other production
water footprint The water footprint of an individual or country is the total volume of fresh water that is used to produce the goods and services consumed by the individual or country